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What is electronic access control

Introduction to Electronic Access Control

Ordinary electronic access control systems are installed on buildings where people live and work. Almost everyone has experienced being a “buzz in” in a controlled area. Generally access points in electronic access control usually refer to the control of a door, gate, turnstile, or some other open space, all of which are sometimes called “access portals”. Therefore in its simplest form, building control is a mechanical lock and key. Therefore what is electronic access control?

Electronic access control, often called EAC, uses electric locks, card readers, and access control cards, and provides an access control approach that employees, tenants, or contractors can enter. Behind-the-scenes technology determines which electronic access control system is best applied to the area. Access control systems prohibit access to secure areas of any property, building, room, file cabinet, drawer, or other area containing sensitive or proprietary information, assets, or data. The automated nature of the system provides 24/7 access as well as 24/7 protection.

As a self-protective front, companies utilize locks in conjunction with login qualifications to enhance traditional security actions. Any place that requires limited access to authorized personnel should have an access control system. Depending on the components, the electronic access control system not only lets people in but also detects who has accessed as needed. System components enable individual and character identification, approve access and hold people accountable.

Types of Electronic Access Control

Here are types of electronic access control.

Role-Based Access Control

Also known as role-based access control, RBAC is the most sought after access to the control system. Not only is it in high demand in households, but RBAC is also in high demand in the business world. In the RBAC system, access is assigned by the system administrator and is strictly based on the role of the subject within the home or the organization and most of the benefits are based on the limits set by their employment responsibilities.

Therefore, instead of assigning an individual as a security manager, the control manager already assigned to him as a security manager is allowed control. RBAC makes life a lot easier because instead of assigning specific access to multiple people, the system administrator only has to assign access to specific job titles.

Mandatory Access Control

Mandatory access control is mostly used in organizations that require a strong emphasis on data privacy and classification. Make-it does not allow owners to say anything to the owner instead of to anyone unit or facility that has access to facilities and the guard has access controls.

Mac will typically rate all end-users and provide them with labels that allow them to access through the security guidelines established by Security. This is against DAC. When Macs are used as an example, it is used to restrict access to a policy, hardware component, or software component.

Discretionary Access Control

Discretionary access control is a type of access control system in which the business owner is responsible for deciding which people are physically or digitally allowed to go to a particular place. Compared to other systems, DAC is the least restrictive, as it allows you to have complete control over basically anything, individually as well as the programs associated with those items.

The problem with discretionary access control is the fact that it gives the user complete control over setting security level settings for other users And end-user permissions are inherited from other programs they use that could potentially lead to malware exposure until the end-user becomes aware of it.

How Electronic Access Control Systems Work

Access readers access the building based on established credentials. Biometrics such as key cards, key fobs, or fingerprints are all considered established credentials. Electronic access control systems are digital networks that access security portals.

Door readers are connected to a network. Each person who needs access has a code attached to their coordinates and the system recognizes that they are authorized to live in the building. The software tracks, that enters and exits the building and can alert security supervisors, business owners, etc. when someone enters or exits the building after hours.

Components of Electronic Access Control


Keypads are the easiest and least expensive form of access control for readers. Certain keypads, such as those developed by III, provide an easy way to enter your code. However, keypads have two drawbacks: the code can be easily distributed and easily stolen. Because of these two drawbacks, keypads should not be used in high-security applications unless they are combined with a certificate or biometric. This allows you to access the “two-factor certification” control, a very safe way.


Access control certificates usually come in the form of cards or fobs that can hang on your keychain. The most common certificates are radio frequency identification cards (RFID) cards. RFID cards can be read remotely. In some cases, to use them. No need to take it out of your pocket. The most common RFID cards use the format developed by HID Corporation and are included in the products of many manufacturers.

Biometric Readers

All biometric readers are designed to scan a unique part of your body and create a digital template. The template is created when you “register” in the access control system. When you arrive at a door and apply for the entry, the EAC system scans your fingerprints, etc., and compares the new scan to a stored template, if both matches are within you.

Fingerprint readers are now standard equipment on many laptop computers. For access control purposes, BiScript produces excellent, widely used fingerprint readers. Geometry Readers create a template based on the size and shape of your hand. Identity system readers are widely used in banking and other industries.


Here are some benefits of an electronic access control system.

No More Lost Keys

When an employee leaves and fails to return their company keys, the business is stuck. In addition there is the expense of creating new keys and possibly changing locks. The same applies when an employee loses his company keys. However, through the access control system, businesses can simply remove an employee’s access card from the system and issue a new card when necessary.

Reduce Theft and Accidents

An access control system allows a business to give entrée to designated areas only to accepted or particularly trained employees. For example, a business would like to limit who has access to the supply room. This is so they can better track supplies. Or a business that wants to limit access to areas with hazardous chemicals or equipment to reduce the chances of an untrained employee being injured.

Secure Sensitive Information

A business may have trade secrets or sensitive information and must ensure that only clearance-level employees have access to the area it owns. The access control system allows businesses to restrict access to certain areas. Any business with protected data should judge an access control system.

Increase Safety

Access control systems enhance employee safety during a business entry. It’s much faster to swipe a card than to go around a key. Also, the keys are easily copied, while the access card is not.

Reduce Chaos of After-hour Shifts

If a business has multiple shifts with large groups of employees and keeps coming back at unusual times, a control system can help manage the chaos.

The disadvantage of Electronic Access Control


Access control systems can be hacked. When a system is hacked, one person has access to the information of many people. This is depending on where the information is stored. Wired explained how a hacker developed a chip that could, for example, gain access to secure buildings.

Hacking of access control systems make it possible for hackers to obtain information from a single source. Furthermore hackers can also be caught without any grip to obtain this information legally through other control systems. Despite the increase in access control systems in security, there are still instances where they can be tampered with and broken.

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